Energy Efficiency and Biomimetics

Testing the ThBA for two extreme climates in New Zealand, highlighted the fact that the simple translation of the majority of biological thermal adaptation principles are being used by architects, although for some, the architectural equivalents did not function in exactly in the same way as biological thermoregulation strategies.


SlowLoris can be web-based and is totally independent of all current energy data visualisation software and complementary energy plugins. It uses the Grasshopper interface and its components to construct graphs. It is mainly targeted at optimising the visual representation of energy results and does not need highly skilled experts to be used effectively.

Biomimetic Technology and Nature Inspiration

Movement and functionality in Calatrava’s works are more pronounced than that of Gaudi due to the different time periods and technological progress as well as the influence of constructivist architects. Calatrava was influenced by Gaudi in architecture. With the tone of the day and utilisation of structure and technology, Calatrava goes beyond his culture and traditions in the modern context.

Bio-Inspired Materials

The range of innovative bio-inspired materials is not broad, and most of the published research seems to be about one-off cases. Current research on bio-inspired materials used in architectural and building science is reviewed, and a new classification scheme for clustering relevant data is presented.